10 things about the Popular Culture of Sindh   

Popular Culture of Sindh 

Popular Culture of Sindh 

  • Language and Literature are the identities of the popular  culture of Sindh
    •  Prose
    • Folktales:
    •  Religious Texts:
    • Promotion and Challenges:
  • Food
  • Festivals and Celebrations  popular  culture of Sindh  
    • Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan
    • Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Bhit shah.
  • Arts and Crafts popular culture of Sindh
  • Ajrak
  • Handmade pottery
  • Sindhi cap
  • Hala Handicrafts
  • Surme Dani
  • The Sindhi Rilli: A Tale of Tradition, Beauty, and Culture



Culture is the arts elevated to a set of beliefs.
 By Thomas Wolfe

                                           The popular culture of Sindh, a province in Pakistan, is rich and diverse, reflecting the historical, social, and cultural influences of the region. Sindh has a long and storied past, being home to one of the world’s earliest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization, which dates back to around 2500 BCE. Over the centuries, Sindh has witnessed the influence of various civilizations, including the Arab, Persian, and Turkic cultures, which have left an indelible mark on its popular culture.

The Sindhi language is the backbone of the province’s culture, and its literature has a deep-rooted history. Sindhi poets, scholars, and writers have contributed significantly to the development of regional literature. Works of iconic poets like Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast are revered and celebrated, and their poetry often carries profound spiritual and Sufi themes.

The Sindhi language has a long history that can be traced back to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. It evolved over the centuries, influenced by various cultures and languages, such as Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, and more. Sindhi is written in the Arabic script, which is called the “Sindhi script” and has 52 letters. The Sindhi language is the backbone of the province’s culture, and its literature has a deep-rooted history.

Sindhi poets, scholars, and writers have contributed significantly to regional literature development. Works of iconic poets like Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast are revered and celebrated, and their poetry often carries profound spiritual and Sufi themes.

Sindhi poetry holds a special place in the culture, and its origins can be traced back to the Shah Jo Risalo, a collection of mystical and Sufi poetry written by the renowned Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai. His work remains an influential cornerstone of Sindhi literature.

  •  Prose:

Sindhi prose covers a wide range of genres, including novels, short stories, and essays. Prominent writers like Shaikh Ayaz, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, and Amar Jaleel have contributed significantly to the Sindhi literary landscape.


  • Folktales:

The Sindhi culture is rich in folklore, which has been passed down orally from generation to generation. These folktales often convey moral lessons, depict local traditions, and celebrate the lives of legendary heroes.

  •  Religious Texts:

Sindhi culture has deep connections with Sufism and Islamic mysticism. Many Sufi saints and poets, such as Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast, have composed spiritual poetry in Sindhi, inspiring generations with their wisdom and insights.

  • Promotion and Challenges:

Despite its cultural significance, Sindhi language and literature have faced challenges in modern times. The promotion and preservation of the Sindhi language have been a matter of concern, especially with the spread of global languages and the predominance of English and Urdu in education and media.

However, efforts are being made to revitalize and promote Sindhi through educational initiatives, literary events, and cultural programs.

Sindhi people enthusiastically celebrate various festivals that hold cultural and religious significance. One such festival is “Sindh Cultural Day” on December 6th, where people across the province celebrate their heritage with traditional music, dance, and clothing. “Sindh Folk Festival” is another popular event that showcases local arts, crafts, and performances.

Sindhi culture celebrates a variety of festivals (URS) and events, each with its unique significance and rituals. These festivals are an integral part of popular culture, bringing communities together, fostering a sense of unity, and adding vibrancy to the social fabric. Some of the famous festivals and celebrations in Sindhi culture include,

  • Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan
  •   Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai (Bhit shah). 

Shah Abdul Latif Bhati:

The Urs of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai is a cherished event that unites people in the celebration of spirituality, culture, and humanity. It continues to inspire millions of devotees and enthusiasts, leaving a lasting impact on the hearts and minds of those who attend.

The legacy of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai and his message of love and harmony live on through this annual commemoration, fostering a sense of belonging and unity among the people of Sindh and beyond.

 Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan:

The shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan Sharif stands as a testament to the enduring spiritual legacy of this beloved Sufi saint. The annual Urs celebrations provide a unique and profound experience of devotion, love, and unity, attracting people from diverse backgrounds to partake in this beautiful expression of Sufi culture and spirituality.


Sindhi culture has a rich and diverse culinary tradition, known for its vibrant flavors and unique dishes. The cuisine reflects the influence of the region’s history and geography, blending elements from South Asian, Central Asian, and Middle Eastern cuisines. Here are some popular food items in Sindhi culture

  • Sindhi Biryani:

This aromatic and spicy rice dish is a favorite among many. It includes tender meat (usually mutton or chicken), fragrant basmati rice, and a blend of spices, often garnished with fried onions and boiled eggs.

  • Kadi Chawal:

A comfort food consisting of gram flour and yogurt-based curry served with rice. It is seasoned with spices and often includes pakoras (deep-fried fritters) to enhance the flavor.

  •  Lassi:

is indeed popular in Sindhi culture. Lassi is a traditional yogurt-based drink that is enjoyed throughout various regions of South Asia, including Sindh, which is a province in Pakistan. It is a refreshing beverage, especially during hot weather, and is loved for its creamy and tangy taste.

  • Fish:

fish is indeed popular in Sindhi culture, especially in the regions near the Indus River and the Arabian Sea, where seafood is readily available. Being a community with a long coastline and access to freshwater rivers, Sindhis have incorporated fish into their culinary traditions for generations

  • Bajra

(pearl millet) is indeed popular in Sindhi culture. Bajra is a staple grain in many parts of the Sindh region, and it holds significant importance in Sindhi cuisine. It is widely cultivated and consumed due to its nutritional value and ability to grow well in arid and dry regions, which are common in Sindh.

In Sindhi households, Bajra is commonly used to make various dishes, especially during the winter season. One of the most famous dishes is “Bajra Jo Roti” or Bajra bread, which is a flatbread made from Bajra flour. The dough is rolled into round discs and then cooked on a griddle. It is usually enjoyed with ghee (clarified butter), curd, or any vegetable curry.

Bajra is also used to make porridge, known as “Bajre Jo Dodo,” which is a traditional breakfast dish in Sindhi cuisine. The Bajra grains are boiled with water or milk and sweetened with sugar or jaggery to create a nourishing and filling breakfast option.

  • Rice:

rice flour is indeed popular in Sindhi culture and is used in various traditional dishes. Rice is a staple food in the region, and rice flour plays a significant role in creating a variety of mouthwatering delicacies.

Arts and Crafts popular culture of Sindh

Sindhi popular culture art and crafts reflect the creativity and skills of the local artisans.

  • Ajrak:

The Ancient Tradition of Art and Identity a piece of unique block-printed fabric with intricate geometric patterns and vibrant colors, is a symbol of Sindhi identity. It is commonly worn during weddings, festivals, and religious events, signifying respect and adherence to local customs. and It provides warmth during cold winters and can also shield the wearer from the scorching sun during hot summers.


  • Handmade pottery:

  Sindhi handmade pottery is not just an art form but a symbol of the region’s identity, history, and cultural continuity. As long as there are artisans willing to pass on their knowledge and passion to future generations, this age-old craft will continue to thrive, keeping alive the essence of Sindh’s cultural heritage.

Embroidered textiles and traditional jewelry are also popular crafts that showcase the artistic heritage of the region.

  • Sindhi cap

The Sindhi cap, with its vibrant colors, intricate embroidery, and mirror work, represents the rich cultural heritage of the Sindhi community. It serves as a timeless symbol of their identity, and its beauty and significance continue to captivate people both within and outside the Sindh region.

  • Hala handcrafted

It refers to a unique and vibrant form of traditional art and crafts produced in Hala, a small town in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Renowned for its artistic heritage, Hala is a hub of skilled artisans who create a wide range of handcrafted items using various materials and techniques. in and outside the Sindh region. 

  • Surme Dani

also known as Surma Dan or Surme Dand, is a significant cultural tradition in the Sindh region of Pakistan. Surme refers to kohl or black eyeliner, and Dani means container or holder. Therefore, Surme Dani is a traditional container used to store and apply kohl to the eyes. Kohl has been used for centuries in many cultures for both cosmetic and medicinal purposes.

  • The Sindhi Rilli: A Tale of Tradition, Beauty, and Culture

the Sindhi Rilli, also known as the Sindhi quilt. With its vibrant colors, intricate designs, and deep cultural significance, the Sindhi Rilli is more than just a quilt; it is a symbol of the Sindhi people’s identity, creativity, and unity.



the popular culture of Sindh is a rich and vibrant tapestry of traditions, customs, and expressions that have evolved over centuries, reflecting the region’s diverse history and influences. Through its music, dance, art, literature, festivals, and culinary delights, Sindh’s culture embodies the spirit and resilience of its people.

the popular culture of Sindh is a treasure trove of human expression, bridging the past and the present, and serves as a source of identity and pride for its people. It is imperative to safeguard and cherish these cultural treasures, as they not only strengthen the sense of belonging among Sindhis but also enrich the global cultural mosaic. By embracing and promoting their cultural heritage, the people of Sindh can foster unity, appreciation, and understanding, contributing to a more diverse and harmonious world.